Information technology has transformed the way we live, work, learn, and play while significantly increasing productivity and supporting economic growth across both developed and developing countries. But what impact might IT have on climate change? Three areas are identified and explored here:
- Energy efficiencies and waste reduction within the IT sector
- reducing power consumption in data centers and desktop computing
- reducing e-Waste by eliminating hazard substances from electronic products and providing recycle or takeback plans once products are obsolete.
- Enabling energy efficiencies and waste reduction within other sectors
- providing intelligent systems for monitoring and managing energy use
- Demand Response to automate the levels of energy consumption based on realtime load needs
- Smart Grid offering sensoring, two-way data connectivity, and automation of energy delivery based on realtime need along powerlines
- Energy IT identifies waste in electrical or networking systems and prescribes ways to eliminate or optimize through distribution of energy around a system and to self-heal.
- Providing "dematerialized" or virtual alternatives to high-carbon physical products and services
- increasing use of e-Commerce, Telecommuting, and e-Learning as substitution to paper production, travel, and high-energy consuming facilities
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